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New Technological Advancements in Surgery

February 18, 2020 - by Parul Saini, Webmedy team

The field of surgery is witnessing an amazing collaboration between humans and technology, which could raise the level of accuracy and effectiveness of surgeries so high that we have never seen before.

What are some of the innovations in Surgery?

New methods, new technology, new techniques plus new ideas of using present systems or technology?there's always something new to list in regards to improvements in medical technology.

As optical imaging, robotics and different high-tech advancements add to higher accuracy and less invasive surgical procedures, the area is optimized to enhance surgical results by a notable measure shortly.

Will we have Matrix-like tiny surgical robots? Will they draw in and out parts of patients' bodies?

Well, this is possible. Just two years before, NASA teamed up with American medical company Virtual Incision to develop a robot that can be installed inside a patient's body and then commanded remotely by a surgeon.

Surgeons have huge responsibilities, in the sense that they might make irreversible injuries and medical miracles with one cut on the patient's body. No surprise that with the growth of digital technologies, the Operating Rooms and operators are flooded with new tools that aid in surgical procedures with minimum cuts possible.

So, here are cutting-edge advancements that will have a huge influence on the future of surgery.

  • MARVEL for Brain Surgery

    A six-year partnership between NASA and the Skull Base Institute has resulted in the production of a 3-D high definition endoscope with a rotating tip that they've named MARVEL (Multi-Angle Rear-Viewing Endoscopic tool). The small camera will enable surgeons to get a very well-defined 3-D view of a tumor when making a surgery. Finally, the creators of the device believe it will allow surgeons to do very complex, yet minimally invasive brain surgery, which could end in fewer difficulties and quicker recovery time for patients.
  • Surgical Robots

    Accept it or not, the da Vinci surgical robot was developed more than 15 years ago. Since that day, more and more surgeons have begun to use the robotics system in operating rooms to perform tricky surgeries. These robots are still monitored and guided by human surgeons, but thanks to their higher degree of durability and capacity to work in very small spaces, the robots can do operations with a higher degree of accuracy than human hands. Entirely automated surgical robots for easy tasks like sewing cuts have also started to get their path into the surgical theater.
  • Electrosurgical Technologies

    Electrosurgery is the application of a high-frequency (radio frequency) alternating polarity, electrical current to biological tissue as a means to cut, coagulate, desiccate, or fulgurate tissue. Electrosurgical tools, which use electrical power to do tasks, are used for making cuts and cleaning wounds. While those technologies are of significant usefulness, they also create dangerous by-products in the form of smoke. To promote their extended use in surgery, smoke discharge technologies have also had to be invented. Smoke pencils and other smoke removal tools, in particular, are speedily growing a standard tool in operating rooms because of their effectiveness in reducing this common environmental danger.
  • Virtual Reality Surgical Planning

    One side of surgery that is vital is the preparation phase, in which operators and support staff decide the best techniques and methods for operations on critical patients. This process can be lengthy and labor-intensive, but the idea of virtual reality for visualization has grown considerably in the past couple of years. Surgeons can instantly use VR technology, joined with reliable imaging scans, to plan the correct route of the operational process. This kind of planning is quicker and, in many cases, more strong than other traditional methods, providing for more moderate delay times before surgery and more effective service in the real operating room.
  • Smart Glasses

    Smart glasses have been invented since 2012, but still to be improved in how they can be used in the operating room. They signify a "mixed reality method," and inventors believe they will finally become a convenience in orthopedic surgery and other kinds of surgeries. Smart glasses are small computers, which combine a head-mounted monitor and video camera and can be attached to the internet or other computers. They can be utilized for a remote view of surgeries by video streaming, and to give important visions to surgeons during surgery. Szotek has used AMA Xpert Eye in the working room to cooperate with other surgeons, real stream videos to training classrooms, and record ideas. Remote specialists and trainees can record from his point of view and charts to his eye, and explain that material in real-time.

The speedy advancement of computational and automated technologies in the last many years has considerably helped surgeons and medical specialists who support them in the operating room. As these technologies proceed to grow and become more available to hospitals, they have the power to change surgical review and save countless more lives. For these and other high-tech medical devices, the future is looking greatly bright.

Even though technological advancements will slowly have more and more impact on the way surgeons go about performing surgeries as time goes by, the human factor will always be vital. Managing patients with empathy before and after surgery would ensure that a surgeon's duties are invaluable also in the age of robotics and artificial intelligence.

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