January 22, 2022 - Parul Saini, Webmedy Team
Cell therapy or Cellular Therapy is a type of therapy, where viable cells are insinuated, grafted, or injected into a patient to create a medicinal effect. It is a technology that relies on replacing diseased or dysfunctional cells with healthy, functioning ones.
Cell therapy originated in the nineteenth century when scientists experimented by injecting animal material in an attempt to prevent and treat illness. Cell therapy aims to introduce new, healthy cells into a patient's body, to replace the diseased or missing ones. Cell Therapy has application in some types of cancer, neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig disease), spinal cord injuries, and diabetes. A great variety of cells can help in cell therapy including blood and bone marrow cells, mature and immature solid tissue cells, adult stem cells, and, most controversially, embryonic stem cells.
Stem cells are unspecialized cells that can grow into other functional cell types. Importantly, some types of stem cells can be grown outside of the human body, thus allowing the production of a large number of cells required for successful applications of cell therapy in medicine. Two main types of stem cells are being explored in the context of cell therapy: pluripotent stem cells and tissue-specific (also referred to as an adult) stem cells. Pluripotent stem cells can produce any cell type in the human body. Therefore, pluripotent stem cells provide a potential source of cells that are otherwise inaccessible or present in low numbers in human bodies. They can also be maintained and multiplied outside the human body for extended periods. Unlike pluripotent stem cells which can give rise to any human cell type, tissue-specific stem cells give a much more limited repertoire of functional cell types.
Stem cell therapy works by promoting natural repair processes of cells, tissues, and organs that have been infected and are preventing the natural recovery of cells. Since cell therapy can trigger your body's natural healing responses, usually an injection of stimulating cellular material is delivered to an injured or compromised location of your body. In some cases, the cells come from a donor, in other cases, they are taken from your own body.
Either way, these cells can then attempt to activate the body's natural healing responses. Think about when you get a cut and platelets rush to the injury site to help repair it. That is exactly what PRP does by injecting platelets near a wound or injury, and other forms of cellular therapy can be used to treat many injuries and conditions. Once these injected cells recruit local cells to the site of the problem, they can work to try and fix the issue. Since there are so many in one place, it could accelerate or improve your body's natural healing at that location. Sometimes, it even has unanticipated benefits to nearby areas.
Well, different types of cell therapy can treat a wide variety of injuries and illnesses, treat many conditions, or enhance your look and improve aesthetics.
Here we have listed some of the benefits Cell Therapy provides:
As research continues to advance each year, people have begun to work on using cells to create bio-engineered organs, even hearts, and livers. One day this could end donor lists since a healthy organ could be made just for the patient. Cellular therapy has already proven its ability to cure some forms of cancer like Leukemia and only continues to grow in versatility and power as we come to better understand it.
Eventually, cellular therapy may be one of the primary forms of treatment for many patients. Since it is typically a one-and-done procedure that can last up to ten years, you may not need medication. Imagine not having to get a bypass or having to get surgery for a bum knee.
These are the possibilities cell therapy offers to future generations, and if we're fortunate, we may get to explore the benefits of these treatments sooner than you'd think.