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Importance of Health Prevention and Promotion

October 14, 2020 - by Parul Saini, Webmedy team


Health promotion means the development of behaviors that improve bodily functioning and enhance an individual's ability to adjust to a changing environment. Disease prevention involves efforts to reduce or eliminate vulnerability to risks that might enhance the possibilities that an individual or group will incur disease, disability, or premature death.

A major purpose of the health promotion and disease prevention approach, both for individuals and an entire population, is to recognize the health problems for which preventive efforts can result in the more appropriate utilization of health services and improvements in health status. This approach to health highlights the importance of lifestyle and personal behavior in improving personal health status and in maintaining health and functioning, both physical and mental. Preventive health is growing in popularity as people seek to improve their overall health and wellness by making better choices.

Disease Prevention

Disease prevention means specific, population-based, and individual-based interventions for primary and early prevention, aiming to minimize the burden of diseases and associated risk factors. Disease prevention differs from health promotion because it concentrates on specific efforts aimed at reducing the development and severity of chronic diseases and other morbidities.

  • Primary prevention

    Primary prevention aims to avoid the manifestation of a disease (this includes the activities to improve health, behavioral, and medical health risks and actions to decrease them at the community level, nutritional and food supplementation).

  • Secondary prevention

    Secondary prevention deals with early detection when this improves the chances of positive health outcomes (this includes activities such as evidence-based screening programs for early detection of disease). These prevention programs focus on keeping people healthy.

Health Promotion

Health promotion is a behavioral and social science that draws from the biological, environmental, psychological, physical, and medical sciences to promote health and prevent disease, disability, and premature death through education-driven voluntary behavior change activities.

Health promotion is the development of the individual, group, institutional, community, and systemic strategies to improve health knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behavior. The goal of Health promotion is to determine the health behavior of individuals and communities as well as the living and working conditions that influence their health.

Why is health promotion important?

  • Health promotion improves the health status of individuals, families, communities, states, and the nation.
  • Health promotion improves the quality of life for people of all age groups.
  • Health promotion reduces premature death.
  • By concentrating on prevention, health promotion helps in reducing costs both human and financial which involves individuals, employers, families, insurance companies, medical facilities, communities, and nations would spend on medical treatment.

Activities involved in health promotion

  • Communication

    Spreading awareness among people for healthy behavior. Health promotion communication involves newsletters, health fairs, and announcements.

  • Education

    Empowering actions and behavior change through increased knowledge.

  • Making policy and systems

    Making systematic changes by improved laws, rules, and regulations to encourage and aware.

Why Are Safety and Prevention Important?

Paying attention to your health and wellness maximizes your chances of a long, healthy, and productive life. Taking care of you stops health issues and save money by reducing the number of hospital visits and medications. Self-care minimizes the heavy costs of healthcare.

Benefits include:

  • Better quality of life
  • Enhanced healthcare satisfaction
  • Saved time

Health is an end-point that reflects the success of multiple other goals. Because the determinants of health are so broad, progress in improving health is a reliable indicator of progress in implementing the overall agenda.

Health promotion is a key element of the New Public Health and is applicable in the community, the clinic or hospital, and in all other service settings. One of the major goals in the field of health promotion and disease prevention is to identify risk factors for disease so that information about these risk factors can then be shared with people. Our hope is that people will use this information to change their behavior to lower their disease risk.

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