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Cause and Cure for Dandruff

September 4, 2022 - Parul Saini, Webmedy Team


Dandruff is a disorder where the skin on the scalp sheds off excess amounts of its top layer. The condition may also appear around your eyebrows and the side of your nose. The shedding of old, dead skin cells is normal. However, with dandruff, larger patches of skin flake off at a faster rate.

What are the Symptoms of Dandruff?

Symptoms of Dandruff may include:

  • Dry skin on your scalp, hair, eyebrows, beard or mustache, and shoulders.
  • Itchy scalp.

The signs and symptoms of dandruff may be more severe if you're stressed, and they tend to flare in cold, dry seasons.

Why Does Dandruff Happen?

The main cause of dandruff is a combination of a nutritional deficiency with bacterial and fungal factors.

The overgrowth of a specific yeast-like fungus called Malassezia on the scalp is a common cause of dandruff. Another common skin condition is Seborrheic dermatitis. Seborrheic dermatitis mainly affects the scalp and can cause scaly or greasy patches, red, irritated skin, and stubborn dandruff.

Best Remedies for Dandruff

A dandruff shampoo or products containing salicylic acid can help control Dandruff but may not be the best solution. Here are some natural remedies for dandruff:

  • Coconut Oil

    Rub 3-5 teaspoons of coconut oil into your scalp and leave for 1 hour. Then shampoo your hair and wash it out.

  • Apple Cider Vinegar

    Mix 1/4 cup of apple cider vinegar with a 1/4 cup of water. Apply to your hair for 15 minutes to 1 hour, and then rinse out. Do this twice a week.

  • Flaxseed Oil

    Flaxseed oil is made from the seeds of the flax plant. It is rich in vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids like omega-3. The antibacterial properties of flaxseed oil support a healthy scalp by fighting irritation and dandruff. The omega-3 fatty acids can also help heal a flaky scalp. Flaxseed oil can nourish and condition the hair.

  • Baking Soda

    Gently rub baking soda it into your scalp in the shower and rinse after a few minutes.

  • Lemon Juice

    Rub 2 teaspoons of lemon juice into your scalp and rinse out. Then rub one more teaspoon mixed with 1 cup of water. Do this every day.

  • Aloe Vera

    Rub aloe vera into your scalp before you wash your hair.

  • Oregano Oil

    Oregano oil can help fight bacteria and fungi. Oregano oil is a unique essential oil that is rich in antioxidants and may have anti-fungal properties. This essential oil has an impressive list of benefits and could help reduce problematic dandruff-causing bacteria.

Tips to Prevent Dandruff

  • Relax and Reduce Stress

    Stress can aggravate or even worsen Dandruff for some individuals. Stress makes your immune system weak. While Malassezia is not introduced to your scalp by stress, it can thrive if your immune system is weak.

  • Massage your Scalp

    Massaging your scalp may help prevent dandruff symptoms. Brush your hair when it's damp (not wet) at least twice daily.

  • Avoid Friction

    Avoid wearing hats and scarves, especially those of synthetic materials.

  • Anti-dandruff Shampoo

    The best way to treat dandruff is to use an anti-dandruff shampoo regularly, which will guarantee proper scalp hygiene as well as a dandruff treatment.

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