October 7, 2022 - Parul Saini, Webmedy Team
Ovarian cancer occurs when cells in the ovaries begin to multiply out of control and form tumors. If left untreated, the tumor can spread to other parts of the body. This is called metastatic ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer often has warning signs, but early symptoms are vague and easily missed.
The female reproductive system contains two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. The ovaries are the size of an almond. They produce eggs (ova) as well as the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
In this article, we will walk you through all about ovarian cancer, its symptoms, types, risks, and treatment options.
If cancer has reached a later stage without intervention, some individuals may develop the following symptoms:
If you are dealing with pleural effusion, you may experience shortness of breath, a cough, and/or chest pain.
The ovaries are made up of three types of cells. Each cell can develop into a different type of tumor:
Epithelial Ovarian Carcinomas form in the layer of tissue on the outside of the ovaries. About 85 to 90 percent of malignant ovarian cancers are epithelial ovarian tumors.
Stromal tumors grow in the hormone-producing cells. Seven percent of ovarian cancers are stromal tumors.
Germ cell tumors develop in egg-producing cells. Germ cell tumors are rare.
The exact cause of ovarian cancer is unknown. However, these factors can increase your risk:
It's possible to have ovarian cancer without having any of these risk factors. Likewise, having any of these risk factors doesn't necessarily mean you'll develop ovarian cancer.
The treatment depends on how far cancer has spread. A team of doctors will determine a treatment plan depending on your situation. It will most likely include one or more of the following: